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2014 Farm Bill
Midwest Dairy Coalition's Comments to FSA Regarding MPP 2016 Sign-up
Click here to read the Midwest Dairy Coalition's comments to FSA regarding the 2016 MPP sign up.

State-by-State Margin Protection Program Enrollment

Click on the image below to enlarge the chart showing state-by-state MPP enrollment.

Midwest Dairy Coalition's Comments: Impact of Production History Rules on Intergenerational Transfers
On December 15, 2014, the Midwest Dairy Coalition provided its response to the questions posed by the Farm Service Agency regarding the Margin Protection Program- Dairy and the impact of the MPP production history rules on intergenerational transfers. Click here to read.  

USDA Extends Dairy Margin Protection Program Deadlines 
Enrollment Continues Through Dec. 5; Comments Accepted Until Dec. 15
GRAPEVINE, Texas, Oct. 29, 2014 – Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, speaking at the National Milk Producers Federation annual meeting, today announced extended deadlines for the dairy Margin Protection Program. Farmers now have until Dec. 5, 2014, to enroll in the voluntary program, established by the 2014 Farm Bill. The program provides financial assistance to participating farmers when the margin – the difference between the price of milk and feed costs – falls below the coverage level selected by the farmer.

"We want dairy producers to have enough time to make thoughtful and well-studied choices," said Vilsack. "Markets change and the Margin Protection Program can help protect dairy producers from those changes."

Vilsack encouraged producers to use the online Web resource at to calculate the best levels of coverage for their dairy operation. "Historical scenarios also can be explored to see how the Margin Protection Program would function should poor market conditions occur again in the future," said Vilsack. The secure website can be accessed via computer, smartphone or tablet.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) also extended the opportunity for public comments on both the Margin Protection Program and the Dairy Product Donation Program until Dec. 15, 2014.

"USDA is committed to creating strong opportunities for the next generation of farmers and ranchers. When dairy producers bring new family members into the business, these changes could affect safety net coverage," said Vilsack. "If our current rules hinder intergenerational changes or if improvements are needed in these programs, then we want to hear from dairy producers."

Comments can be submitted to USDA via the website at

Dairy Producer "Points to Consider" on the Margin Protection Program
Andy Novakovic, Cornell University, offers some points for dairy producers to consider when contemplating participation in the MPP. Click on the image below to read.

Midwest Dairy Coalition Seeks Extension of USDA Comment Period
for Intergenerational Transfer Issue

The Midwest Dairy Coalition has requested an extension of the comment period for the issues surrounding Intergenerational Transfer. View the letter here.

USDA is seeking input from the public (particularly dairy farmers) regarding production history rules under the new Margin Protection Program
Question: Should rules be more flexible in the future to accommodate intergenerational transfers or adult children returning to the family farm?

The sign-up period for the new Margin Protection Program (MPP) for dairy farmers is now underway. Between now and Nov 28, 2014, those farmers who wish to participate in the MPP in 2014 and/or 2015 need to contact their local FSA offices to do so.

Based on the parameters for the new program established by Congress in the 2014 Farm Bill, a producer’s production history is the farm’s highest production from the years 2011, 2012 or 2013, plus a small annual increase based on the national average production increase from the previous year. The reason this is important is that a production history establishes a limit on how much of a farm’s production can be covered under the MPP. An operation cannot cover more than 90 percent of their production history under the program. (However, the production history does NOT in any way place limits on a farm’s production, only on the amount of milk eligible for coverage under the MPP.)

In other words, except for new farms, a farm’s production history is already established based on past production. The reason for this is that Congress did not want the new program to be counterproductive, by encouraging an increase in production that would ultimately drive down milk prices.

However, when USDA announced the details of the new program and established the registration process, they also invited stakeholders (particularly farmers) to provide comments about whether USDA should provide more flexibility in the production history rules to address the needs of family farmers and intergenerational transfers. If USDA were to make changes in this regard, it would only apply for coverage starting in 2016, not before.

Farm Service Agency (FSA) Statement and Specific Questions:
“The 2014 Farm Bill provisions regarding MPP-Dairy and the rule do not address the establishment of additional production history for a participating dairy operation in specific instances, such as an inter-generational transfer or when a family member joins a participating dairy operation. Other statutory provisions of MPP-Dairy do suggest that Congress intended to benefit smaller dairy operations, which tend to be family owned and operated. These provisions include the establishment of lower premium rates for insured annual production of less than 4,000,000 pounds. This rule does not take into account the size and structure of the dairy operation in determining whether the operation can adjust its production history to assist small, family dairy operations, especially with intergenerational transfers of the operation. FSA invites interested parties to address whether the regulation should be amended to authorize the establishment of additional production history, and if so, whether limitations should be imposed on any increases. Specifically, FSA requests comments on the following questions; please include any data that supports your comments:

1. Does the provision in the rule regarding transfers of production history hinder intergenerational transfers of dairy operations? If so, how?

2. How would you suggest the rule be amended to accommodate intergenerational transfers or adult children who want to join their parent's dairy operation and obtain additional production history for the dairy operation?

3. If additions to production history based on intergenerational transfers or adult children joining family dairies are allowed, should there be a cap on the overall amount of production history that cannot be exceeded or a percentage or quantity limitation on the amount by which the production history could be increased per participating dairy operation under this provision? If so, what amount?”

Comments on these questions are due to USDA by October 28, 2014, and can be submitted in the following ways:

Electronically, via the following link:!documentDetail;D=CCC-2014-0009-0001. Click on the blue “comment now” button on the upper right hand corner once you have gone to this link, and you can either type in your comments directly or attach a file with your comments.

By Mail, send to: Danielle Cooke, Special Programs Manager, Price Support Division, FSA, USDA, STOP 0512, 1400 Independence Ave. SW., Washington, DC, 20250-0512.

Margin Protection Program
Details Announced

USDA has announced details of the Margin Protection Program (MPP), which was authorized through Dec. 31, 2018, by the 2014 Farm Bill. MPP replaces the Milk Income Loss Contract (MILC) program. The new voluntary program allows producers the opportunity to select coverage based on the needs of their individual operations. The program was developed to provide risk protection for periods when the difference between the all-milk price and the average feed cost drops below a certain level specified by the participating producer.

The initial sign-up period for producers to get coverage under the MPP for 2014 and 2015 will begin on September 2 and end on November 28, 2014. Producers interested in participating in the new program should visit their county Farm Service Agency (FSA) office to sign up.

Additional MPP program information, including details of informational meetings throughout the region, can be found by clicking on the various links below:

Fact Sheet - MPP
This USDA-FSA document provides key information on the program, including eligibility, registration, production history establishment, coverage election, premiums, margin calculations, payments, contract modifications and how to find more information.

This document in Q/A format answers more than 50 of the most common questions surrounding the new MPP program.

Final Rule for the Margin Protection Program
This is the final rule issued by USDA and published in the Federal Register on August 29, 2014.

USDA Media Release
This is the media release from USDA regarding the MPP and the MPP Tool.

Informational Meetings for Producers, Conducted by Cooperative Extension
Several Margin Protection Program meetings for producers are being conducted across the country. Below are state-specific meeting announcements that have been issued. Please click on your state to learn more details.
Links to other websites with additional information:

USDA Farm Service Agency

Dairy Markets and Policy (DMAP)

National Milk Producers Federation (NMPF)

Additional archived documents related to development and implementation of MPP can be found here.

About the Midwest Dairy Coalition
The Midwest Dairy Coalition consists of farmer-owned cooperatives acting on behalf of the region's dairy producers to shape federal policy impacting the Midwest dairy industry.

For nearly 20 years, the Midwest Dairy Coalition has worked to ensure the region's dairy producers have a strong and respected voice with policymakers in matters of federal dairy policy. The Midwest Dairy Coalition is the longest continuously operating organization of its kind in the region and has built a solid reputation in our nation's capital as a knowledgeable representative for the region's dairy industry. Learn more.

Dairy cooperatives are owned by the dairy producers they serve. They provide a number of services for their member-owners, from manufacturing and marketing dairy products made from members' milk to providing insurance and other benefits to promoting dairy product consumption.